Конспект урока английского языка в 8 классе: «Моя малая Родина»
1 Вызвать интерес к изучению истории родного края.
2 Воспитать уважение к предкам- защитникам Отечества.
3 Совершенствовать речевые навыки и умения у учеников при изучении английского языка.
Ход урока английского языка
1. Аудирование речи учителя о Краснодарском крае и символах.
Today at our lesson we'll talk about our homeland, which is called
Kuban land, its symbols, about our st. Novotitarovskaya, the places which are connected with its history.
The Krasnodar Territory, or the Kuban land has an area of more than 83,000 sq km (370 km long and 375 km wide) with a population of more than 5,000,000.
It is situated in the south of Russia. The area is washed by the Black and Azov seas, and 574 and 12 water reservoirs supply it with water. It consists of highlands and lowland. In the lowland the climate is dry and in the mountains it is wet and cool.
The Krasnodar territory is divided into 39 districts, it has 27 towns. A part of the territory is an autonomous region.
The Krasnodar Territory is often described as Russia's gem. The land is rich in fertile black earth producing bumper crops. In wartime, when the Nazis invaded the area, they had plans of transporting the soil back to their notorious Reich. More than 50 types of mineral resources have been discovered here, including considerable reserves of oil, natural gas, marl, granite, marble, limestone, sandstone, mineral waters and medicinal mud.
The Krasnodar territory has highly developed industry and agriculture which produce a lot of products.
Now I want to tell you some facts about symbols of our land.
The author of the first symbols of Kuban was an engineer Chernik, who drew it in 1848. But the modern symbol of our region was adopted in 1995. It looks glorious and patriotic. You can see a green shield with a golden wall. We can also see a black eagle because it is so typical for all national symbols. The ancient crown is a symbol of strength. The golden leaves of oaks and a scarlet ribbon make it beautiful. The letters on the flags means the names of the Russian tsars, who established the Kuban flag.
All the citizens are proud of our coat of arms. All countries use their coats of arms to show their national symbols.
Ученики получают карточки для самостоятельной работы.
SYMBOLS OF KUBAN.
Match the parts of the sentences
1The author of the first symbols of Kuban
a) was adopted in 1995.
2But the modern symbol of our region
b) proud of our coat of arms.
3What does it look like?
c) which are blue
4 You can see a green shield
d) a symbol of strength.
5 We can also see a black eagle e)an engineer Chernick, who drew it
6 The ancient crown f) with a golden wall.
7 The golden leaves of oaks and a scarlet g) it looks glorious and patriotic.
8 Behind a shield there are four banners h)all countries use their coats of arms.
i) to show their national symbols.
9 All the citizens are j) because it is so typical for all national symbols.
10 What are coats of arms used for? k) make it beautiful.
2. Беседа по прослушанному.
Now I want you to answer my questions:
Where is our territory situated?
What is the capital of our land?
How many districts and towns are there in Krasnodar territory?
What is it washed by ?
What can you say about surface of Krasnodar land?
What is its climate?
7. What can you say about water resources?
Is it rich in natural resources? What are they?
Is it an industrial or agricultural country? What does it produce?
10. Name big cities. What are they famous for?
11. Where do we live?
3. It is very important to know the history of the place we live in.
There is a legend about the foundation of our stanitsa. Рассказ уч-ся об образовании станицы (легенда).
LEGEND of STANITSA NOVOTITAROVSKAYA.
It happened very long ago, when Prince Novotitarovskiy lived on the shore of the Azov Sea. He was very rich. He had a lot of gems, furs, a lot of horses and cows. But his beautiful daughter was the most important treasure for him. He brought up her himself, his wife died when the girl was a baby. Father loved her daughter very much.
Many years passed. The girl became a bride. A lot of young men wanted to marry her. But Prince Novotitarovskiy didn't agree, he didn't want to part with her daughter.
His daughter fell in love with a young man who worked in her father's stable. He was a strong cossack, but a very poor one. They loved each other very much, but they were sure that the Prince wouldn't agree to marry them in church.
That's why they decided to leave the house. At a dark night they left the father's household. In the morning the Prince had known about this and sent his servants to catch them. It was difficult to find them in high grass of Kuban steppe. The Prince cursed his daughter having willed to leave her without money.
After a long way a daughter with her husband found a beautiful place near the river. They built a house and lived happily. Time passed. They had two children. Everything was good, but the young woman was sad. Very often she sat on the bank of the river and cried. Her tears, like pearls, fell into the river (later people named this river Ponura, it means sad).
Once cossacks appeared near their house. They were from the Prince
Novotitarovskiy. He was very ill and before his death he decided to see his daughter. In three days the daughter with her children came to her father. She asked to forgive her. The Prince looked at his daughter and her children and forgave her.
After his death she didn't want to live in the father's house. Having taken a part of riches and servants young princess went back to her new house.
From that time a new settlement near the river was named Novotitarovskaya, but the old one near the sea of Azov was named Starotitarovskaya.
4. It was very long ago. Now our stanitsa has changed a lot. Your task is to describe our stanitsa in turn.
Рассказ учащихся о станице по предложению в логической последовательности.
We live in Krasnodar territory. The villages in Krasnodar territory are called stanitsas. Our stanitsa Novotitarovskaya is situated not far from Krasnodar in Dinskoy region. It was founded in 1810.
Our stanitsa is very large. Many thousands people live here. Our stanitsa is
very beautiful. There are a lot of big new modern houses with all conveniences: gas, electricity, hot and cold running water, heating. Streets and gardens are green with trees. We can see many flowers in the streets, gardens.
There are three schools, two clubs, many different kinds of shops, post office, hospital, two markets. Mainly our stanitsa is an agricultural region, on the fields of
two joint-stock companies wheat, potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, beetroots, fruit and other vegetables are grown.
5. But today we'll talk about the monuments and places, which are connected with its history.
Рассказы учащихся об исторических памятниках.
A History of the Monument to the Perished Cossacks.
There is a burial mound in st. Novotitarovskaya. It was spread in honour to many people, who were perished with hunger in 1933. Earlier this burial mound was Cossacks cemetery named Vostochnoye (Eastern). There was a hunger from
November till May in 1933 in stanitsa. People ate wheat, horses. About 9 thousand people died during this period. Most of them were buried in Vostochnoye cemetery. More than 40 people were buried in one place because of a great amount of died people.
In 1991 all pupils of the 10th forms from all schools of our stanitsa spread this burial mound.
After that a group of Cossacks placed two pectoral crosses, which were sanctified. There is a memorial plaque on the cross, which is situated near the burial mound. These words are written on it:
"Here lies the body of Cossacks, perished with hunger in 1933."
On the next one which is situated on the burial mound there are words: "To victims of Stalin repression having taken away 9 thousand souls of guiltless Cossacks in stanitsa Novotitarovskaya in 1930-1940."
The next place is the old building of our school, which is connected with the Great Patriotic War.
Fascists enter our stanitsa in 1942. The best houses were given to invaders for living. Our school was the largest building which was situated not far from the railway station. Fascists turned it into a stable. The floors in two classes and in the hall were taken away and straw was spread everywhere. Children didn't go to school.
The battle for railway station was strong. There were a lot of wounded and killed. There were not enough horses to take them to the centre, where the hospital and common grave were. That's why the wounded soldiers were temporarily placed in school (to this time soldiers liberated the territory where school was situated).
After the stanitsa's liberation the villagers restored classrooms and school accepted the pupils.
Many school teachers took part in the Great Patriotic War. They are Mishnov I. V., Chemikova R. K., Logvinenko P.F., Sennik E.S., Mitchenko K. A., Shmatov M.A., Labazov A.I.
In the old building of our school there is a memorial plaque to those who fought heroically in this war.
A History of the Monument to an Unknown Soldier.
In the morning on the 8th of August fascists came to St. Novotitarovskaya
and occupied it. There were hard battles in stanitsa. Our soldiers fought heroically, they did their best to defend our land. In 1943 our stanitsa became free, but a lot of
soldiers were killed.
In 1968, in 23 years after the war, the collective farmers of the farm in the name of 22 Congress of CPSU decided to erect a great monument in honour of killed soldiers. First they thought to place a cannon on a central place, but then they decided to order a monument of a soldier in greatcoat with a helmet on his head and with a gun in his hands.
Rudenko Ivan Gavrilovich, party organizer of the farm, went to a sculpture workshop in Krasnodar. Sculptor Polyanskiy agreed to perform this order. But very soon he was called to Moscow for work. It was necessary to do this monument till the 9 of May. There was a ready monument in Eisk. That's why Ivan Gavrilovich went there but he didn't like that monument. He asked to redo it. But sculptor offered to make another one. When the monument was ready, it was brought in a big woody box to st. Novotitarovskaya.
The collective farmers built a pedestal for this monument. The monument was opened on the 9 of May. There was a meeting devoted to Victory Day. The pupils of our school and villagers took part in this meeting. First there was a memorial plaque with the words:
"To the soldiers — liberators."
After many years under the leadership of Kazachenko Boris Konstantinovich the memory of the 3O Irkutsk - Pinsk division, which took part in stanitsa's liberation in 1943 was perpetuated. The collective farmers decided to write the words on the memorial plaque:
"The monument is devoted to the 3O Irkutsk — Pinsk rifle division”. Now this majestic monument reminds us about immortality of heroically perished soldiers.
Every year the pupils of our school put flowers and stand guard of honour on the 9 of May.
The monument in Vostochny Khutor.
In 1943 at the end of January fascists drove a lot of Soviet captives to Vostochny Khutor in Novotitarovsky region.
In the evening Germans placed their horses and captives in 12 sheds. Soldiers were hungry, without warm clothes, some of them were ill. It was very frosty at night. There was a lot of snow. Farmers heard the captives' crying. Their feet and hands have been frozen.
In the early morning fascists took out the horses. But captives couldn't move, they became stiff. There were 68 captives who couldn't go farther. They were brought into one of the sheds. Fascists put straw round the shed and set fire to it.
Everybody who wanted to help the captives was killed. When the shed's roof had fallen, the moans stopped. The farmers went to their homes. They were afraid to come near to the shed. But Natalya Klysha did it. She was a very kind woman of 40.
Among the burnt dead bodies she found a living man under wet straw.
He was a young man of 20. Natalya hid him in the cellar of her house where the fascist headquarters was situated. It was very dangerous for her family. As soon as the soldier became stronger he left the house.
Among the farmers there was a traitor. The fascist knew that Natalya helped the soldier and her husband and son were killed. Natalya Klysha saved the soldier Vasily Shvedov, but she couldn't keep from death her husband and son.
Now in the centre of Vostochny Khutor there is a monument to those who were perished in hellish torments. Soldier stands at the pedestal and hung his head.
There is an inscription on the monument:
”Here 67 soviet captives are burnt and buried alive."
There are other monuments and places of interest in our stanitsa which are worth visiting. We must not forget the people who defend our land.
6 At the end of our lesson I want you to relax and play a game "Crosses and Nils".
The task of the game is to make up a sentence with the word written on the card. If you are right put cross or nil. The winner is the team which has more signs.
Population, capital, surface, water resources, natural resources, climate, industry and agriculture, symbols, places of interest.( the words which are written on the cards).
7. Подведение итогов урока.